The Leaning Tower of Pisa


The Leaning Tower of Pisa

The Leaning Tower of Pisa

 The Leaning Tower of Pisa is the famous bell tower, in Italy, that began to lean in the year 1173. It was built to display the wealth of the people of Pisa. The people of Pisa were sailors who had conquered lands such as Jerusalem, Carthago, Ibiza, Mallorca, Africa, Belgium, Britannia, Norway, Spain, and Morocco. Their only real enemies were from the city of Florence. They needed the tower to show the people of Florence how well they were doing.
        Architects realized that the tower was leaning when they had finished building one and one half meters of the third floor. The damage was irreversible so they halted construction until 1272 because war broke out against Florence. All of the money was spent on warfare and there was not much left for the tower. The lean was caused by the sandy and marshy soil that the tower was built on. During construction from 1272 till 1275, the tower continued to lean. In 1275 war with Florence broke out again. After this they began to construct the belfry, credit for which is often given to Tommaso, son of Andrea Pisano. The construction was believed to have been completed in 1350. In 1392, causing great humiliation, Pisa was sold to Florence and the residents were forced into slavery. They never managed to gain back the wealth that they had in the early years.

Leaning Tower Fact Sheet

Official Italian NameTorre Pendente Di Pisa
FunctionBell Tower
Original ArchitectBonanno Pisano
Years of Construction1173 - 1350
First Bells Added1198
Height55.863 meters, 185 feet, 8 stories
Direction of Lean1173-1250: North and 1273-1999: South
Largest Bell3.5 tons
Oldest Bell's NamePasquarreccia
Address of TowerCampo Dei Miracoli (The Field of Miracles) in Pisa, Italy
weight14700 metric tons
Thickness of Walls at Base8 feet
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